ABOUT

OBJECTIVES OF RESEARCH

The research project aims at exploring  the elderly mobility in the city of Milan by placing attention to the territorial level because, as suggested by the literature, elderly behave differently according to the neighborhood they reside in, more than to actual levels of income, education, homeownership or social class. Another relevant issue concerns the heterogeneity of elderly: while older people are most frequently classed as “people with disabilities”, the baby boom generation is healthier, wealthier and much more “mobile” than the previous generations.

Therefore, some initiatives for the elderly, which are mainly undertaken in the areas of health – showing how aging is perceived as an essentially medical issue, should be replaced with initiatives that better answer to the “baby boom generation, and this might be considered while planning urban transport strategies. Besides, the research project aims at investigating the role of mobility in improving the elderly’s QOfL, since mobility promotes healthy aging of providing opportunities for physical activity and movement whereas sedentary lifestyles, particularly at an older age, increase many of the risks commonly associated with aging.

ORIGINALITY OF RESEARCH

The main project originality is the multidisciplinary approach involving: planning, transportation, economic geography, and urban economics. This allows to adopt the following research methodologies: qualitative data analysis by means of survey to elderly; interviews to policy makers and relevant stakeholders; quantitative analyses (descriptive statistics, econometric analysis) to explore the Milan neighborhoods’ characteristics and the impact of mobility on elderly’s QofL; georeferenced analysis (mapping, on-line mapping); monitor elderly in their daily activities using wearable sensors and GPS trackers and combined with diary with a written overview of their activities; interpretation of the results of the survey by lexical technique analysis i.e. the sentiment analysis; GIS-based supply-demand mapping tool. In particular, the GIS-based supply-demand mapping tool is able to merge the different ageing people’s aspirations together with the physical and functional urban resources through the integration of traditional data as well as techniques (e.g. usual ISTAT data, surveys) with more  innovative analysis techniques such as the lexical, network, BIG DATA ones, in order to better detect the ageing social demand. Another novelty is represented by the integration of research approaches and policy tools, which are developed in the domain of social and healthcare policies, with those developed in the domain of urban planning and mobility is provided.