WORK PACKAGES

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WPM. Project Management

This first WP concerns the management and coordination of the research project (task M.1) and the coordination with Fondazione Cariplo (task M.2).POLIMI will coordinate this WPM and will involve UNINA and UNIGRON for task M.1.Q.

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WP1. Context and research background

WP1 concerns the definition of the scientific reference framework useful for defining a model to test the hypotheses “The propensity of the elderly to increase their QofL is linked to life in a neighborhood with good facilities and services for the community (eg Transport, wellness and well-being – being a Community).

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WP2: Survey and data analysis

WP2 concerns the retrieval of data through surveys and GPS sensors and their processing through statistical techniques and GIS processing

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WP3: Results and discussion

WP3 concerns the dialogue with stackeolders and policy makers for the development of the guidelines.

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WPD: Dissemination

WPD concerns the development of scientific products for the dissemination of the research results obtained

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Task 1.1. Literature review

Task 1.1 consists of an extensive literature review to develop a conceptual model to test assumptions an the main hypothesis: “The propensity for elderly to increase their QofL is linked to living in a neighborhood with good community facilities and services (i.e. transport, welfare services, and community welfare)”. This stage is useful to frame the research background on aging in place, elderly mobility elderly QofL, and elderly policies. Besides, the research background will be a useful basis of the following tasks belonging to all WPs (WP1, WP2, WP3, WPD-task D.1). Specifically, task 1.1 will be able to define set of parameters and composite indicators, tools, software, techniques, etc. able to describe through both the profile and needs of elderly (demand), and physical and functional characteristics of transportation and welfare services (supply). These elements will be essential to carry out WP2 specifically the empirical analyses, and the development of the GIS-based supply-demand tool for aging social service, able to measure the demand and the supply (and the related ratio), according to the most relevant achievements widespread within the international scientific community. UNIGRON will coordinate this task with the involvement of the other project partners (UNINA and POLIMI).

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Task 2.1 Survey to elderly in selected neighborhoods

In order to deeper define the profile and needs of elderly in the study area, task 2.1 consists of a survey addressed to a representative sample of elderly living in neighborhoods that have been identified in task 1.3. Part of the questions of the direct survey spur from the interaction with some elderly associations in Milan (i.e. AUSER and SocietĂ  Umanitaria2), with the University of Genoa (prof. Claudia Burlando) that has recently developed a research on elderly mobility in Genoa, and with ISFORT3 that provides yearly an analysis of the mobility in Italy in its AUDIMOB Observatory. The Milan Municipi that declared their interest in the research project4 together with AUSER and SocietĂ  Umanitaria, will help the researchers to identify the sample of elderly to be interviewed. The survey is composed of the following main sections: (a) socioeconomic data, demographic data, health status, and physical functioning; (b) elderly social networks and social activities; c) travel behavior; (d) demand of LPT services; evaluation of the LPT service: strengths and weaknesses; (e) demand of the welfare services and community welfare: strengths and weaknesses; f) neighborhood where they reside: strengths and weaknesses; g) factors that mainly contribute to their (perceived) QofL ; etc. POLIMI will coordinate this task with the involvement of the other project partners (UNINA and UNIGRON).

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Task 3.1 Discussion with stakeholders and policy makers

Task 3.1 is devoted to the discussion with stakeholders and policymakers of the research project (aim, research questions, hypotheses, methodology, expected results, planning, etc.) and main results. POLIMI will coordinate this task.

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Task 1.2. Collecting existing data at the neighborhood scale

Task 1.2 concerns the collection of available data, and of data obtained by specific analyses, at the macro neighborhood scale (Nuclei di Identità Locale – NIL). Specifically, the main the data to be collected are the following: (i) residential density of elderly; (ii) demographic turnover; (iii) socioeconomic data; (iv) functional mix; (v) local public transport (LPT) accessibility index; (vi) origin and destination (O/D) matrix of elderly (AMAT1); (vii) LPT customer satisfaction for elderly (AMAT survey); (viii) physical location barriers (AMAT); (ix) use of the bike sharing system by elderly (AMAT); (x) location and physical and functional characteristics of community welfare services (including bottom-up practices). All these dates will be employed in the analyses of task 1.3. POLIMI will coordinate this task with the involvement of the others project partners (UNINA and UNIGRON).

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Task 2.2 Monitoring elderly activities

In Task 2.2 a little group of elderly that took part to the survey (task 2.1) will be selected in order to be followed up and monitored in their daily activities using wearable sensors and GPS trackers and combined with diary with a written overview of their activities. This analysis will allow observing the behavior and preferences of old people with their daily activity surrounding environment. Besides, this will be fundamental to learn directly from the daily practices that elderly people are putting in place in a spontaneous and unplanned way. Moreover, the use of the aforementioned technologies will allow for a direct communication with study participants, giving the opportunity to collect real-time information (i.e. when performing a specific task, i.e. hopping on the bus or reaching a community service, we could have simultaneous feedback on their preferences, level of satisfaction, emotional status, etc.). UNIGRON will coordinate this task with the involvement of POLIMI.

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Task 3.2 Guidelines

Task 3.2 focuses on framing the research guidelines useful to the policymakers to evaluate the effectiveness of different actions to improve the elderly QofL (i.e. locating and designing new places where elderly socialize, enhancing local mobility network). UNINA will coordinate this task with the collaboration of POLIMI and UNIGRON.

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Task 1.3. Data analysis: mapping, descriptive statistics and econometric analysis

Task 1.3 adopts the rich database developed in task 1.2 with the purpose to classify the neighborhoods according to their characteristics. Specifically, descriptive statistics and cluster analysis will allow depicting neighborhoods’ typologies mainly according to elderly concentration, and transport and welfare services supply and accessibility to. This clustering will help the researchers to select the neighborhoods to investigate in the following WP2. POLIMI will coordinate this task with the involvement of the other project partners (UNINA and UNIGRON).

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Task 2.3 Descriptive statistics and econometric analysis

The analysis of the results of the face-to-face interviews (task 2.1), combined with those of the monitoring (task 2.2), will allow to: (i) identify the main types of elderly according to socio-economic and demographic characteristics, their health status, physical functioning, mobility patterns and propensity, social networks and social activities, etc.; (ii) corroborate the results about transport and welfare services supply for elderly resulting from the previous steps (tasks 1.2, 1.3), by investigating barriers, and obstacles old people face in their daily life; (iii) identify the demand for transport and welfare services, distinguishing bottom-up practices of elderly residents; (iv) define which main patterns (i.e. elderly types, and neighborhoods’ characteristics) play a role in shaping the perception of the elders’ quality of life. The analyses that will be employed are descriptive statistics and econometric analysis. POLIMI will coordinate this task with the involvement of UNIGRON.

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Task 2.4 Sentiment analysis

Task 2.4 is dedicated to the interpretation of the results of the survey, and monitoring by lexical technique analysis such as the sentiment analysis. UNINA will coordinate this task with the involvement of the other partners POLIMI and UNIGRON.

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Task 2.5 GIS geoprocessing tool- GIS-based supply-demand tool

Based on the results of the previous stages (WP1 and tasks 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, and 2.4), task 2.5 will develop a GIS-based supply-demand tool for aging social service to help policymakers to identify the optimal location of new welfare services and/or the improvement of existing ones. Besides, this phase will draw best practices for public decision makers. In this phase, the indicators identified in WP1 and tasks 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, and 2.4 will be integrated in a GIS environment for the creation of a specific geoprocessing tool through appropriate procedures of model builder. The use of GIS platform will allow providing a geographical distribution of the supply-demand relationship and accessibility to the welfare services in the study area of Milan. Starting from the analysis of the current situation, it will be possible to simulate different scenarios of intervention in order to identify the one that provides the best balance between supply and demand, in terms of cost-benefit. In particular, this GIS tool will be used by the local authorities to evaluate the effectiveness of different actions to improve quality of life of older people (i.e. locating and designing new places where elderly socialize, enhancing local mobility network). UNINA will coordinate this task with the involvement of the other partners POLIMI and UNIGRON.